What to consider when buying fabric

Luftkuss Atelier

When you decide to buy fabric for your business, you naturally want the best option possible, but sometimes the options are many and it can be a bit confusing when you’re in a store. The first thing that will most likely impress you will be the color and pattern of the fabrics in the store. However, this first-look psychology is only one element of the fabric trade. There are many things to consider in order to purchase the best fabric. We have compiled the most important ones for you.

Fabric Quality

When checking if it’s linen, cotton, polyester, or nylon, you touch the fabric and try to feel it. You should feel if it’s quality. Original fabrics are already evident. The fabric must be spotless, especially when it comes to dyes, prints, fibers, tears and the like. The quality should be excellent, because if there are stains on the fabric, you will have products with these defects in the fabric.

Fabric Type

One of the things that the companies that buy fabric should pay attention to is the type of fabric. Fabrics are often categorized as natural, synthetic, or a mix of both. Famous examples of natural fabrics are cotton, linen, denim, leather, silk. Synthetic fabrics are polyester fabric, nylon and the like.

Fabrics that are a mix of natural and synthetic fibers are also great for making clothes, as long as they are in perfect condition. So ask yourself if you want to buy natural or synthetic fabrics, or fabrics that are a mix of both. Note that natural fabrics cost more compared to synthetic ones, so your budget will also play a role here.

Color Fastness

When rechecking the fabric you want to purchase, make sure the color is free of negative dots or streaks. Examine the fabric closely and note any signs of uneven dyeing. If you notice any areas of discoloration, especially at the fold line, it is not recommended to buy that fabric. When you see light colors on some parts of the fabric, don’t buy it unless it’s a design for the fabric. Because this is a sign that the color will fade while washing the fabric.

If you need to test, you can use a moistened white tissue or cotton ball. Then smear it on the fabric, if the color has transferred to the cotton or handkerchief you applied, the fabric is not of good quality. So it’s a good idea to think twice before buying it.

Seasonal Suitability

When you buy the fabric, you probably have some plans to manufacture or sell directly. Then you have to determine the suitability of the fabric. For example, you cannot make swimsuits with wool fabric. To do this, when choosing fabrics, you should consider the place where the garments will be worn and the effect they will have on the skin. At the same time, seasonal and climatic conditions are also a side that should be considered when choosing the fabric.

You cannot choose an outfit made of wool for desert excursions. From another perspective, you definitely cannot travel in cold regions with a dress made of chiffon fabric. Cotton fabric will be perfect for summer wear as they are excellent for cooling the skin. At the same time, woolen clothes are preferred for winter.

Shrinkage Factor

You should consider the shrinkage factor when choosing the fabric. You should know whether the fabric will shrink after washing. Every fabric shrinks differently.

To be on the safe side, a statement should include a preshrunk of 10% of the fabric. If you want to secure your business, you can consider a preshrunk fabric that will not cause you any problems. Preshrunk fabrics have “Sanforised”, “Merserised” and similar labels. This is where the expression mercerized socks comes from.

Fabric Color

When it is necessary to go to the shops of the fabric companies, complete your purchase of fabric in daylight, not after sunset. Artificial lighting can discolor and confuse you in some cases. Therefore, you need natural light in order not to be mistaken.

Remember that if you notice that the fabric is the wrong color after purchasing it, you may have problems returning it. Especially if you are buying a piece of fabric, this possibility will increase even more. Maybe they won’t accept it when you go for a refund. This time you will have to spend again to get the right color of the material. This can really hit your budget. 

Fabric Pattern

After seeing various attractive patterns, you may consider purchasing patterned fabric. In these fabrics, there will be pattern repetition during cutting. Keep this in mind and continue with your shopping. The motifs on the fabric should be systematically distributed, especially by placing them towards the seams.

When sewing the garment, make sure that the fabric does not deteriorate. When it comes to patterns, there can be a difference between the dress you end up with and the dress you want to achieve. Do not ignore the lining sections. If you are a master, you can quickly understand this.

Fabric Weight

In most cases, fabric weight is determined by fiber type, weave type and similar factors. The weight of the fabric is indicated by GSM, which can vary between 60-700. For example, a denim fabric will have 400 GSM depending on the texture type.

Note that a higher fabric weight does not mean that the fabric is of good quality. Fabric weight mainly affects fit. Knowing the fabric weight will help you compare various types of fabric and decide on the best fabric for garments in specific situations and environments.

Insprad Creative Agency

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