Acrylic fabrics are very popular today and we often use them in many parts of our lives. It consists of fibers containing an average of 85% acrylonitrile. It was first produced in the US to meet the need for wool in the 1940s. It was later developed in the 1950s and started to be used in various areas.
Acrylic fiber fabrics are made from a synthetic polymer called acrylonitrile. It is produced by reacting certain petroleum or coal-based chemicals with various monomers, which means that acrylic fabric is a fossil fuel-based fiber.
Today, it can be used as pure 100% acrylic, as well as mixed with various substances and used by dyeing. It has a paint-holding structure. It exhibits very similar properties to wool.
Acrylic fiber gives the fabric the appearance of wool and cotton. Clothes prepared with acrylic fabric keep their shape and do not wrinkle. It is easy to wash. It is moth resistant. It can be painted in bright colors. Acrylic fiber is generally used in socks, plush and circular knitting, sportswear and children’s wear.
Acrylic Fabric Properties
Acrylic is an artificial fiber and consists of synthetic materials. The main features of 100% acrylic products are that they are light and soft in texture and highly durable. Clothes such as sweaters and sweaters produced from this fiber are very warm and do not wrinkle. Acrylic fibers, which have a very high abrasion resistance, do not fade even if left in the sun for a long time with their vivid and bright colors. It dries quickly.
- It feels soft and cottony.
- It is a flammable product and does not go out easily.
- It has high flexibility.
- Its breathability is very low.
- It is easily washed and does not deform in intensive washings.
- It shows high resistance to chemicals and sunlight.
- It gives a feeling of warmth and naturalness with its wool-like structure.
- It is a type of fabric that is light, warm, but does not sweat.
- Stain retention rate is very low.
Acrylic Fabric Uses
Because acrylic fabric is designed to be similar to wool, it is used in many of the same applications as this extremely popular natural fiber. For example, clothing manufacturers create sweaters, gloves, mittens, pants, hoodies, and various other cold weather clothing from acrylic fiber. In addition, acrylic is a popular material for carpets, flooring, rugs and other traditional wool-heavy household items product categories.
Although acrylic is very similar to wool in its natural state, it can be made similarly to other fabrics such as cotton, depending on the machines used.
One of the most obvious applications of acrylic fiber is knitting. While most knitters choose wool for high-quality items, many amateur knitters use acrylic as a cheap fiber or for inexpensive, low-effort projects.
Is Acrylic Fiber Healthy or Not?
Since the raw material of acrylic yarn is petroleum, it is not considered very healthy. It is necessary to avoid contact with the skin for a long time, otherwise it may cause redness, burning and itching on the skin.
Dresses or carpets made from acrylic fabrics are synthetic polymers. Since fabrics woven with acrylic yarns do not absorb sweat well, especially in people and children with sensitive skin structure, it disrupts the heat balance of the body and causes sweating and sweat to remain in the body, which can lead to flu infections.
It should not be preferred too much in children’s clothes. It can only be used in children’s outerwear. In adults, it can cause itching, burning and sweating, causing discomfort when in contact with the body for a long time.
For this reason, it is generally recommended to use natural fibers on the inner surface of acrylic blended fabrics.
It is necessary to pay attention to the fact that natural fibers such as cotton, wool and linen to be used are at a higher rate than acrylic fiber.
What Is Modacrylic?
Modacrylic is a type of acrylic fabric that has a few unique features. Modacrylic stands for “modified acrylic.” Modacrylic has recently been used in clothing as a less expensive alternative to cashmere due to the feel of similar materials.
Modacrylic is resistant to moths, oils and chemicals and is highly resistant to degradation by sunlight. They are flame retardant and do not burn. The fibers are difficult to ignite and are self-extinguishing. In addition to the flame retardant properties of modacrylic, it has a relatively high durability comparable to wool. Modacrylic fibers have moderate resistance to abrasion and very low strength.
Modacrylics are poor conductors of heat. Fabrics are soft, warm and stretchy. Modacrylics are top performers when it comes to appearance retention. The fibers are highly flexible and do not wrinkle. They also have great dimensional stability and high elastic recovery.